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Jan 27, 2015, 10:49 AM ET

PHOTO: An illustration of Kepler-444 and its five Earth-sized planets.
An illustration of Kepler-444 and its five Earth-sized planets. (Tiago Campante/Peter Devine)

The discovery of a solar system as old as the Milky Way and with five Earth-like planets could shed new light on the possibility of ancient life forms in the galaxy.

The planets orbit around Kepler 444, which at 11.2 billion years old, is more than twice as old as the sun, according to researchers at the University of Birmingham in Britain who published their findings today in the Astrophysical Journal.

Space Pictures from Far Reaches of Universe

Rosetta Spacecraft Reaches Comet After 10-Year Chase

Rosetta Probe Pulls of Comet Landing

Despite being 117 light-years away from Earth, in the direction of the constellations Cygnus and Lyra, researchers were able to learn more about the solar system using a practice called astroseismology.

Listening to the hum of Kepler 444, the team was able notice the slight changes in brightness created by the noise, which enabled them to measure the star's diameter, mass and calculate its approximate age.

Researchers studied the brightness of the star over time and detected planets passing in front of it, creating a slight dimming effect. Depending how much the light was dimmed, researchers were then able to measure the size of the planets, using Kepler 444 as a baseline.

"There are far-reaching implications for this discovery," lead researcher Tiago Campante said in a statement. "We now know that Earth-sized planets have formed throughout most of the Universe's 13.8 billion year history, which could provide scope for the existence of ancient life in the Galaxy."

Since the newly discovered planets are older than Earth is, researchers hope that by studying them, they may learn more about planet formation -- including what could be in store for our home.
3rd Quarter Falcon Heavy • Demo Flight

Launch window: TBD
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

A SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket will launch on its first demonstration flight. The heavy-lift rocket is formed of three Falcon 9 rocket cores strapped together with 27 Merlin 1D engines firing at liftoff.

I'll leave this here and let you NASA fans fangirl over this tiny piece of information as much as I am. Needless to say we will be covering over first ever rollout of a rocket and our first ever launch from Launch Complex 39 at the Kennedy Space Center.
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Group Info

We Are A space inspired Group we focus on Scientific expansion, Discovery and of course Space related items of interest. The Space Race is especially loved, we focus on our history as man in space.

The History of Man in Flight is also very Appreciated Aviation and Space are the focuses of interest.

Like :thumbsup: us on :facebook: Facebook !…

Criteria & Rules:


:star:How to Submit:star:



:bulletgreen: Only good quality works (Please think about resolution, scan quality,
ready for printing, etc. No home-made travel photos. Poor quality self-portrait
not accepted.) Especially in the Featured Folder !

:bulletgreen: NO Pornographic Content (we’re trying to keep the gallery clean and open for all members of varying tastes and ages)

:bulletgreen: NO Extreme Violence and/or Horror

:bulletgreen: NO stolen works
of other artists without their explicit and direct permission, stolen art will be removed and you will get a warning, if the problem continues you will be kicked by one of the admins.

:bulletgreen: Public domain works are excepted. As they are historical in nature and do
not require permission of the owner to use or redistribute.
Founded 3 Years ago
Aug 28, 2011


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originalCzechball Featured By Owner 47 minutes ago  New member
Can Poland into the space, please?
Stig2112 Featured By Owner 1 day ago
Thank you for including my photos in your gallery! :)
bobcatt Featured By Owner Dec 25, 2014  Professional General Artist
bobcatt Featured By Owner Dec 19, 2014  Professional General Artist
Zared-Tregonwell Featured By Owner Dec 16, 2014  Hobbyist Artist
Thank you for adding my work to you group, I appreciate it :) 
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Dec 17, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
You are most welcome :) 
Coffeebean2 Featured By Owner Dec 14, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
Well, thanks for featuring my art! Means a lot!
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Dec 17, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
You are welcome :) please submit more ! 
Coffeebean2 Featured By Owner Dec 17, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
I'll be sure to!
scucca74 Featured By Owner Dec 14, 2014  New member Hobbyist Photographer
Thanks for adding my works to your gallery
GeneralTate Featured By Owner Dec 17, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
You are welcome, keep the good work coming ! :) 
William-Black Featured By Owner Edited Nov 14, 2014  Professional Digital Artist

GeneralTate makes comment below, my thoughts on the issue:


I don’t have to admit I blocked paradigm-shifting. I’ve never denied that.

I do not need to apologize, and have no intention of doing so.


When paradigm-shifting offered a link to a youtube video I looked through his gallery instead.


What I found was a rampant and overt hatred for the intellectual thought of others expressed in a cynical manner that I do not particularly care for.


paradigm-shifting is free to express such thought — I am free not to indulge it.


I blocked paradigm-shifting because we hold mutually antagonistic world views.  

There is no wrong in blocking someone when it is obvious that interaction would lead to conflict.


Free-will or self-determination refers to a characteristic of a person that leads them to make choices and decisions based on their own preferences and interests, to determine their own course of action without compulsion. Recognition of free-will is intrinsic to the concept of a free society.


You cannot force or compel anyone to interact with you, nor should you try. In a free society all human relationships are voluntary. Men are free to deal with one another or not, as their own individual judgments, convictions, and interests dictate.


paradigm-shifting is free to not like the fact I blocked him. He’s free to express that as much as he wants, he can post a million comments about it, and he can write a mountain of journals bitching about it if he wants to. I don’t particularly care.


The one thing I take exception to is his seizing my artwork and using it without permission. Because it is my property. I own it. I do not have to allow anyone to use it without permission.


paradigm-shifting didn’t have to “prove” I blocked him, I made it quite clear that I had, and paradigm-shifting did not just screen-cap the conversation showing I blocked him—though I do not care that he did—paradigm-shifting took a screen cap of my profile page and composed an artwork comprised of the screen-capped conversation and my artworks. This infringed seven of my artworks.


When someone copies your artwork and uses it without permission the law defines this as copyright infringement.


deviantArt has an excellent policy page which outlines copyright law, available here: Copyright Policy.


For the definitive law see: Copyright Law of the United States.


When someone copies your artwork and uses it without permission you, as the artist, creator, and owner of the work have the option of filing a DMCA Take Down Notice. Which is exactly what I did. This puts the infringer on notice that his use of your artwork was unauthorized and, in this case, it notifies deviantART that they have a predator in the membership. deviantART will take the infringing work down to avoid liability.


GeneralTate and paradigm-shifting have claimed that their use of my artwork was “criticism” under Copyright Right Act Fair Use Provision Title 17 Chapter 1 Article 107—however the fair use act is not a blank check to infringe the creative works of others, the deviantART  Copyright Policy warns that fair use should only be negotiated with the advisement of an attorney.


There is a reason this warning is there, if you are sued for infringement you will have no choice but to appear in court with legal defense, fees are $350 to $500 per hour, billed monthly, with a retainer, minimum up front $1,000, and be prepared to spend only $10,000 total if it is a quick open-and-shut case. These are the low end fees. Fines and damages if you lose can run into the $100,000 range and at the court’s discretion you can be required to pay the initiating parties legal expenses.


Even if you are not sued it does not mean the artist has ceded his ownership rights – the artist is free to file a DMCA every time their work is infringed with no consequence to his or her self so long as they misrepresent nothing. An artist owns his artwork at the point of creation. As an artist, your rights in regard to your own work are exclusive and you are free to exercise them at your discretion.


An infringer who uses artwork created by others without permission has no recognized ownership rights, and thus no protection.


That is the legal side.


On the public relationship side one has to wonder  what GeneralTate and paradigm-shifting are thinking:


This is an artist site; the largest site for artists on the planet.


Their group depends on artists submitting their art to the group.


Here on their group’s main page GeneralTate and paradigm-shifting have been publicly trumpeting, for weeks on end, that they feel they can and will infringe artists work for trivial and frivolous reasons.


How do you imagine this thread reads to artists who might be considering submitting their art to the group?


One has to wonder if Generaltate and paradigm-shifting have taken leave of their senses.


As for paradigm-shifting: most people understand that when you are blocked it means that individual wants nothing to do with you.


All of paradigm-shifting's issues and actions center around his difficulty with the free-will and self-determination of others, when someone chooses not to interact with him his choice of action is to take a piece of that individuals artwork "hostage" in order to force or compel that individual to interact with him.


In a free society there is no permissible application of force or compulsion. paradigm-shifting, in taking my artworks "hostage" in order to force my attention, is legally, ethically, and morally in the wrong, there really is no question in regards to this fact.

William-Black Featured By Owner Edited Nov 14, 2014  Professional Digital Artist

Why does god need a starship—well that’s really misdirection.


In the course of discussion GeneralTate was free to disagree with me, I had no problem with this, he was free to not follow the links and citation I provided, he was free to not respond, he was free to ignore me if he wanted. I really don’t care. He stated his opinions and I stated mine. See his comments and my responses here and here.


GeneralTate was blocked after he defended paradigm-shifting’s infringements and allowed the infringing works to be posted in the group, despite his own rule against this. GeneralTate blocked me October 5, 2014—the day paradigm-shifting infringed my art.


There was no “cause” at the start of this, there was only a discussion.

GeneralTate and paradigm-shifting decided to make this into an altercation.

Previous to that moment on October 5th I had only made honest comment on three NASA-Headquarters group journals, and had a large number of my artworks in the group galleries. I pulled all of my artwork out of the group the moment GeneralTate defended and cheered paradigm-shifting’s act of infringement and allowed his infringing works to be posted in the group.


paradigm-shifting has only been in NASA-Headquarters group as a co-founder since the beginning of October, he infringed my art the first time on October 5th.


My only issue with GeneralTate is he admittedly participated in and cheered the infringement of my artwork.


Anyone who commented on and is approving of paradigm-shifting’s acts of infringement will find themselves blocked.


Artists who approve of infringement are not individuals I would want faving or commenting on my work.


For those who want to know both sides of this altercation see the following journals:


Infringing Art Posted by NASA-Headquarters Group.


Repeat Performance: It's About The Numbers.


2nd Infringement NASA-Headquarters Group.


As for my own pages I have rules about comments and argument you can read them in my journals:


Orion's Arm Future History FAQ, Entry One.


Orion's Arm Future History FAQ, Entry Two.

paradigm-shifting Featured By Owner Edited Nov 12, 2014  Professional General Artist
He DMCA'd that one, but thats okay. Submitted a counter claim, this will be easy as pie. 
William-Black Featured By Owner Edited Nov 12, 2014  Professional Digital Artist
2nd Infringement NASA-Headquarters Group

11-07-2014: A journal written by paradigm-shifting which infringed my artwork was posted in the NASA-Headquarters group gallery.

The journal promoted a video by paradigm-shifting, who has contrived to use the fact of his initial theft and unauthorized use of my artwork as a point of controversy to hype his youtube videos. The video has been promoted in the group in comments by GeneralTate and paradigm-shifting no less than five times since October. The posting of the journal in the group was announced Nov 7, 2014 2:41:36 pm in comments on NASA-Headquarters Group main page here and in a second announcement  Nov 7, 2014 6:00:08 pm here.

11-12-2014: In response to my DMCA Take Down Notice the infringing journal was removed by deviantART administration at 8:10 am. According to deviantART administration paradigm-shifting was issued a written warning and advised of deviantART copyright policy.

This is the second time paradigm-shifting has infringed artwork to which I hold exclusive copyright and the second time he has been cited by deviantART administration for doing so.

GeneralTate and paradigm-shifting have announced themselves as predators on deviantART, their rational is they can and will infringe your art at-will.

A heads-up to my fellow professional artists who might still have art posted in the group.

For background on paradigm-shifting’s history of predatory activity and his methodology of using a contrived controversy to hype his video’s see my journal Repeat Performance: It's About The Numbers.

For background on these incidents see my journal Infringing Art Posted by NASA-Headquarters Group.
William-Black Featured By Owner Nov 7, 2014  Professional Digital Artist

Just for the record, paradigm-shifting hid my comment’s – see his comment where he says he is doing just that here. I cannot un-hide comments paradigm-shifting hid as a group admin.


That should probably make you wonder what other claims made by GeneralTate and paradigm-shifting are less than true.

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